Prince Edward and Marion Island

The sub-Antarctic Prince Edward Island Group (46°54’ S, 37°45’E) consists of Marion Island (19km long 12 km wide) and Prince Edward Island (10 km long and 6.5km wide). These islands are approximately 1920 km south-east of Cape Town and are politically part of South Africa.

Collembola species recorded from Marion Island:


Ceratophysella denticulata (Bagnall, 1941)


Friesea tilbrooki Wise, 1970


Tullbergia bisetosa Börner, 1902



Cryptopygus antarcticus travei Deharveng, 1981

Cryptopygus dubius Deharveng, 1981

Cryptopygus tricuspis Enderlein, 1909

Folsomotoma marionensis (Deharveng, 1981)

Isotomurus maculatus Müller, 1876

Mucrosomia caeca (Wahlgren, 1906)

Parisotoma notabilis (Schäffer, 1896)


Pogonognathellus flavescens (Tullberg, 1871)



Megalothorax minimus Willem, 1900



Sminthurinus granulosus Enderlein, 1909

Sminthurinus tuberculatus Delamare Deboutteville and Massoud, 1963

Katianna sp.

Key references:

Jagatap, H., Monsanto, D.M., Jansen van Vuuren, B., Parbhu, S.P., Dinoi, A., Janion-Scheepers, C., Sekar, S., Teske, P.R., Emami-Khoyi, A. (2019) The complete mitogenome of the springtail Isotomurus maculatus: a widespread species that is invading the sub-Antarctic region. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 4, 1706-1708, doi:10.1080/23802359.2019.1607593

Jagatap, H., Monsanto, D.M., Jansen van Vuuren, B., Janion-Scheepers, C., Sekar, S., Teske, P.R., Emami-Khoyi, A. (2019) The complete mitogenome of the springtail Tullbergia bisetosa: a subterranean springtail from the sub-Antarctic region. Mitochondrial DNA Part B: Resources 4, 1594-1596, doi:10.1080/23802359.2019.1601514

Monsanto, D.M., Jansen van Vuuren, B., Jagatap, H., Jooste, C.M., Janion-Scheepers, C., Teske, P.R., Emami-Khoyi, A. (2019) The complete mitogenome of the springtail Cryptopygus antarcticus travei provides evidence for speciation in the sub-Antarctic region. Mitochondrial DNA Part B 4, 1195-1197, doi:10.1080/23802359.2019.1591219

Chown, S.L., Froneman, P.W. (2008) The Prince Edward Islands. Land-sea Interactions in a changing climate. African Sun Media, Stellenbosch.

Convey, P., Greenslade, P., Arnold, R.J., Block, W. (1999) Collembola of sub-Antarctic South Georgia. Polar Biology, 22, 1-6.

Deharveng, L. (1981) Collemboles des îles Subantarctiques de l’Océan Indian, Mission J. Travé 1972-1973.

Delamare-Deboutteville, C.L., Massoud Z. (1963) Collemboles Symphypleona. Biologie l’ Amérique Australe, 11, 169‒289.

Gabriel, A.G.A., Chown, S.L., Barendse, J., Marshall, D.J., Mercer, R.D., Pugh, P.J.A., Smith, V.R. (2001) Biological invasions on Southern Ocean islands: the Collembola of Marion Island as a test of generalities. Ecography 24: 421–430. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2001.tb00477.x

Greenslade P. (1990) Notes on the biogeography of the free-living terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Macquarie Island with an annotated checklist. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 124: 35‒50.

Greenslade P. (2006) The invertebrates of Macquarie Island. Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston, pp. 344.

Greenslade P. (2010) Collembola fauna of the South Shetland Islands revisited. Antarctic Science 22: 233-242. doi: 10.1017/S095410200999071X

Greenslade, P. & Deharveng, L. (1997) Revision of Friesea species (Collembola: Neanuridae) of Australia and offshore Islands, with biogeographical notes and key to species. Invertebrate Taxonomy 11: 321‒331.

Hugo, E.A., Chown, S.L., McGeoch, M.A. (2006) The microarthropods of sub-Antarctic Prince Edward Island: a quantitative assessment. Polar Biology 30: 109–119. doi: 10.1007/s00300-006-0166-x

Janion-Scheepers, C., Deharveng, L., Bedos, A., Chown, S.L. (2015) Updated list of Collembola species currently recorded from South Africa. ZooKeys 503: 55-88.doi: 10.3897/zookeys.503.8966

McGaughran, A., Convey, P., Stevens, M.I., Chown, S.L. (2010) Metabolic rate, genetic and microclimate variation among springtail populations from sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Polar Biology 33: 909‒918. 

Salmon, J.T. (1964) An Index to the Collembola. Bulletin of the Royal Society of New Zealand 7: 651 pp

Stevens, M., Greenslade, P., Hogg, I.D., Sunnocks, P. (2006) Southern Hemisphere springtails: could any have survived glaciation of Antarctica? Molecular Biology and Evolution 23: 574‒882. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msj073

Treasure, A.M., Chown, S.L. (2013) Contingent absences account for range limits but not the local abundance structure of an invasive springtail. Ecography 36: 146-156. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2012.07458.x

Wise, K.A.J. (1970) Collembola of South Georgia. Pacific Insects Monograph 23:183‒208.